HORIZON Perfekt PANORAMIC CAMERA
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of the Horizon perfekt panoramic camera which, properly used and cared for, will transform your photography during many years of useful service. Before you use the camera, be sure to read this Instruction Manual fully. It will summarize the working of the Horizon perfekt, and provide you with rules for its correct handling. We wish you good reading- and spectacular panoramic photography!
4-5. General photos
6. General notes
7. Handling Rules
9. Camera Features
9. Loading the Camera
10. Operating Mode Settings
11. Depth of Field
11. Taking a Picture
12. Fitting the Handle
12. Unloading the Camera
13. Additional Filters
The Horizon Perfekt is a compact, rotating lens camera which achieves effective field angles of 120˚ horizontally and 45˚ vertically, to expose sharp 24×58mm images onto standard 35mm film. The shutter speed range of between 1/500 to 1/2 second and aperture range of f2.8 to f16 enables the camera to be used in a variety of lighting conditions, even at night.
The lens moves smoothly to expose the film evenly over the full frame area which eliminates the problem of poor edge definition that frequently occurs when taking pictures with wide angle lenses! A spirit level visible within the viewfinder assists in positioning the camera correctly for distortionfree pictures. (Operational only in horizontal plane.) The camera can be hand-held, or tripod mounted and triggered by cable release.
Format using Horizon perfekt.
Format using standard SLR camera with 28mm lens.
Straightforward in use, the innovative Horizon perfekt can be used by professionals and amateurs to obtain a wide variety of panoramic photographs, in colour or black-and-white.
As a precision-made optical-mechanical instrument, the camera should be handled carefully, kept clean, and protected from dust, moisture and rapid temperature fluctuations. It should be kept in its case when not being used.
To clean the lens elements, air blow off dust particles before using a clean cloth or cotton wool wad, slightly moistened with methylated spirit, ether or a proprietary lens cleaning fluid.
In extreme weather conditions, it is best to maintain the camera at close to your body temperature until just prior to use (although temperatures down to -15℃ will not affect shutter operation). Avoid removing the camera from its case the moment it is brought indoors to prevent condensation forming, especially on the optical components. Do not attempt any servicing of the camera yourself. Should the camera need attention take it back to the dealer from whom you purchased it. Film should be loaded and unloaded out of bright light.
Specify 《Panoramic picture format》, (24mm×58mm image width) when taking the film for processing.
Do not leave the camera with its shutter cocked for a long period of time, since this may impair shutter operation.
Type Panoramic camera using standard 35mm film to give 24mm×58mm negative.
Effective field angle 120˚ horizontal and 45˚ vertical.
Lens Rotating Иидустар MC f/2.8×28mm.
Shutter Exposure times obtained by combining four exposure aperture widths with two panning speeds. Double exposure protection.
Exposure times 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2 sec.
Apertures f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11 and f16.
Viewfinder Direct view 110˚×44˚ with a magnification 0.4×.
Positioning Horizontal positioning checked by spirit level bubble, visible in viewfinder.
Film advance By winding lever on camera top.
Filters Frame mounted UV, ND and YG.
Other features Standard 1/4＂ tripod socket, threaded socket for cable release, removable handle, shoulder strap and carrying case.
Dimensions (H×W×D) in mm 115×152×79
Film processing By leading processors, specifying 《Panoramic picture format》 (24mm×58mm image width)
FEATURS (Photos pp 4-5)
1 Neckstrap eyelet
2 Shutter cocking and film advance lever3 Spirit level
5 Rewind knob
7 Operating mode selection swich
8 Film rewind lever
9 Shutter speed setting dial
10 Aperture setting dial
11 Release button threaded for cable release
12 Frame counter window
13 Cassette chamber
14 Cassette spool guide
15 Film guiding roller
16 Film channel guide
17 Viewfinder eyepiece
19 Take-up spool
20 Camera back
21 Film rewind button
22 Tripod socket
25 Lock ring
LOADING THE CAMERA
Hinge open the film rewind lever (8), and use it to pull out the rewind knob (5). Holding the knob fully out, open the camera back (20).
Bend 1cm of the leading edge of the film back on itself, folding away from the sensitised side. (This will be usefull to hook into the take-up spool, later). Carefully thread the film leader under guide roller (15), as shown here, and pull through 12-15cm of film. With the rewind knob held fully out, press the film cassette into the chamber (13). Push the rewind knob completely back in, slightly turning it to let the spool guide (14) enter the cassette. Pass the film leader under the sproket (18), and so that it passes under the take-up spool (19). To help with this, release the sproket by pressing the film rewind button (21) down. Hook the folded film-end into a slot of the take-up spool, and make sure that sproket teeth engage the film perforation holes. Carefully take up slack along the film by winding the film advance lever (2). The film should lie flat and true on the channel guides (16). Close the back door tightly, pressing it to make the latch lock. Release the shutter by pressing the shutter release button (11). Wind the film on again, and release the shutter. Then wind the film (cocking the shutter) again, untill a figure (1) is in the centre of the frame-counter window (12).
You are now ready to shoot.
OPERATING MODE SETTINGS
Turn the operating mode selection switch (7) to the required exposure time range, from 1/500 to 1/60, or 1/8 to 1/2 second. Set the shutter speed dial (9) to the required speed. (The switch and speed markings are colour-coded to help you. Yellow for long exposure and White for short exposure).
Set the aperture setting dial (10) to the required value. Best picture quality is achieved using a good quality tripod especially when using longer exposure times.
Shutter speed and aperture should be set only at the shutter cocked.
DEPTH OF FIELD
The built-in lens has no distance scale, and the table below is a guide to the depth of field. For example, with aperture set at "8", the depth of field will be from 2m to infinity.
Aperture Depth of Field
f2.8 5.5 to ∞
f4.0 3.9 to ∞
f5.6 2.9 to ∞
f8.0 2.0 to ∞
f11 1.5 to ∞
f16 1.0 to ∞
TAKING A PICTURE
Cock the shutter and while shooting, hold the camera in the way shown here, to make sure that your fingers don't appear in the photograph. Using the viewfinder, compose your picture. The correct camera level in the horizontal plane is obtained by reference to the spirit level in the viewfinder to avoid picture distortion. For vertical shots, to prevent picture distortion, disregard the level indicator and ensure the camera is perpendicular to the subject. When you are ready to shoot, press the shutter release button as far as it will go. Avoid moving the camera as you do this, or you will blur the picture. To take pictures with exposures longer than 1/60 second, use of a tripod (with the camera's handle removed) and cable shutter release is recommended. The cable release screws into a thread in the shutter release button.
FITTING THE HANDLE
Remove the end-cap (23) from the camera, using a coin to turn it. Match the ridge on the handle and the groove on the camera, and put the handle into the camera socket. With the handle held in position screw up slightly the lock ring (25), then be sure that the handle ridge and the groove on the camera match quite, and screw the ring (25) in hard. The arrow on the handle should be from the camera back side at the correct handle fitting. To remove the handle, turn off the ring (25) and take out the handle from the camera socket.
UNLOADING THE CAMERA
When the frame counter shows the figure "22", or there is resistance to advancing the film, then it should be rewound and the camera unloaded as below. Press in the film rewind button on the base of the camera (21). Hinge open the rewind lever (8), and rotate it smoothly in the direction of the arrow until you feel the film leave the take-up spool. Pull the film rewind knob (5) all the way out, and open the camera back. Hold the knob out and remove the cassette.
Your camera is supplied with UV (ultra-violet), ND (neutral density) and YG (yellow-green), to control the amount or type of light reaching the film in special circumstances. For example, the UV filter can produce a better handling of colour in sky shots. To mount a filter, use the shutter cocking lever (2) to move the lens to a central position. Through the exposure slit, position the filter frame, pressing the frame handle in until it clicks into place. To remove the fillter, use the hooks of another filter handle to engage with it, and pull it out. Store the filters inside the hollow camera handle. A cap at the base of the handle screws on and off.